National Survey of Substance Use Services in US Jails (028)

Planning

Study Information

While jails and prisons provide critical opportunities to intervene with individuals with OUD, most individuals with an OUD do not receive treatment while they are incarcerated.

This survey of US jails is designed to generate national estimates of the current availability and delivery of MOUD and other substance use prevention and treatment services. The survey has two phases. Phase 1 draws a nationally-representative sample of jails, stratified by the four major US Census regions. This brief survey will provide an overview of SUD screening protocols, common substance use patterns, the availability of MOUD, and the availability of other SUD treatment services for individuals detained in US jails. Phase 1 results are anticipated in the first quarter of 2023.  Phase 2 will survey a subsample of jails providing MOUD to better understand their treatment protocols and discharge planning services. Results from this phase are anticipated in late 2023.

Study Settings: Jails/Prisons

Study Team

PI/MPI:

Bruce Taylor, PhD
NORC at The University of Chicago

Logo of The University of Chicago

Study Aims

• Understand how screening protocols are changing to identify individuals who likely have an OUD and are in need of MOUD treatment and assess if evidence-based practices are being used

• Assess if the types of MOUDs available are changing as well as the protocols for managing withdrawal symptoms and overdose prevention

• Identify if any special strategies are being used to manage OUD for pregnant women

• Examine what barriers jails face in providing treatment and facilitators and if this changes over time

• Examine how do jails/prisons allocate treatment resources and try to identify those who would benefit most from treatment, and determine if this is changing over time

Research Type

Survey