Reentry Interventions That Address Substance Use: A Systematic Review

This research reviews studies completed over the past 10 years on reentry interventions focused on addressing substance use. The chief aims included determining the extent to which the substance use interventions utilized evidence-based practices (EBPs) and determining which of the interventions had the greatest impact on the reduction of substance use and recidivism. The authors’ search yielded 38 studies, most of which were peer-reviewed publications. Twenty-one of the interventions described in the studies provided treatment directly using various models. Only slightly more than half of the interventions providing treatment directly described the use of EBPs, most commonly cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). Few of the studies examined substance use as an outcome, but for those that did, more than 50% showed improvements for those participating in the intervention. It was much more common for the studies to examine recidivism as an outcome. Almost two-thirds of the studies included in the recidivism analysis showed improvement in recidivism on at least one indicator for those that received the intervention.


Moore, K. E., Hacker, R. L., Oberleitner, L., & McKee, S. A. (2018, October 11). Reentry

Interventions That Address Substance Use: A Systematic Review. Psychological Services.

Advance online publication.

Contact Information for the Author:

Kelly E. Moore, Department of Psychology, East Tennessee State University, 420 Rogers-Stout Hall, P.O. Box 70649, Johnson City, TN 37614. E-mail: [email protected]