Budget Impact Tool for the Incorporation of Medications for Opioid Use Disorder into Jail/Prison Facilities 


Given the personal and public consequences of untreated/undertreated OUD among persons involved in the justice system, an increasing number of jails and prisons are incorporating medication for opioid use disorder (MOUD) into their system. Estimating the costs of implementing and sustaining a particular MOUD program is vital to detention facilities, which typically face modest, fixed health care budgets. We developed a customizable budget impact tool to estimate the implementation and sustainment costs of numerous MOUD delivery models for detention facilities.

The aim is to describe the tool and present an application of a hypothetical MOUD model. The tool is populated with resources required to implement and sustain various MOUD models in detention facilities. We identified resources via micro-costing techniques alongside randomized clinical trials. The resource-costing method is used to assign values to resources. Resources/costs are categorized as (a) fixed, (b) time-dependent, and (c) variable. Implementation costs include (a), (b), and (c) over a specified timeframe. Sustainment costs include (b) and (c). The MOUD model example entails offering all three FDA-approved medications, with methadone and buprenorphine provided by vendors, and naltrexone by the jail/prison facility.

Associated JCOIN Study Title:

Publication Year: 2023

Lead Author: Danielle Ryan

Journal: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment